General Idea of the Formation of Government
The formation of your government will be a much more complex process than what was present in Civilization II. Choosing the type of government you want is reflected by the policies you establish. As Brian Reynolds explains: "…Alpha Centauri speculates on the future development of human societies. As the leader of your faction, you map out your vision of future utopia by deciding where you stand on a whole series of value choices - economics, liberties, religion, health care, military service, education, environment, and information."
(Brian Reynolds. Designer Diary Notes. Gamespot. Page 3. Link to source: http://www.gamespot.com