The history of Iberia is a turbulent one. Soon after the fall of the Roman Empire the region descended into chaos and the Muslims invaded. For centuries the Muslims and the Christians fought, but none could get a total hold on the region. Though at first it was fractured into many kingdoms, soon the north of Iberia was dominated by three kingdoms: The Kingdom of Leon, the Kingdom of Castile, and the Kingdom of Aragon. At the time of the Reconquista, Leon was controlled by Sancho III Garcés of the Jiménez dynasty. Castile was controlled by Ferdinand I, first born son of Sancho, who after coming of age conquered the area that is now known as Castile. Aragon was controlled by Ramiro. Ramiro was Sancho’s illegitimate son, and, with little help from his father, conquered Aragon. Though relations between Leon and Castile were strong, the relation with Aragon was tenuous. As a family pact they planned to take back Iberia.
The battles of the Reconquista were fast and merciless. The Christian invaders killed any and all Muslims they could find, and sacked their Mosques. The bulk of the forces came from Leon and Castile, and they took most of the new land. The final battle was fought at the great port city of Cordoba. The Christians surrounded the city and bombarded the walls. After a gruesome month of sieging they assaulted the walls. There were few casualties, as the city was poorly defended, but one was the great King of Leon, Sancho III. His kingdom was inherited by his son, Ferdinand, who now held the bulk of the peninsula. Months later, back in Santiago, he united the Kingdom of Castile and Leon under one banner as the Kingdom of Spain.
The Jiménez Dynasty
Hailed as the unifiers of Spain, the Jimenez Dynasty started around 1950 AD with Sancho III Garcés. His son Ferdinand would later unite most of Spain with his father’s death, in the wake of the Reconquista.
Note: Don't have enough posts to add the images, so they will have to wait.