(The thread hasn’t hit the 50-post mark yet, but my time as manager is almost up, and I want to have accomplished something… Not too many changes… a few additions, and some cleaning up of spelling/grammar)
Summary of the thread Religion
The thread Religion was meant to be channel for ideas concerning religion, or whether that feature should even be in. As you will notice, there is one central idea. Please not about some terms I'm using- if use the term "Some say" or anything like that, that doesn't necessarily mean that this suggestion would be popular, in fact it might be only supported my one person- it's just my way of speaking.
It is also generally considered that "Religion" refers more to "Belief", since some thought that atheism is excluded by the "Religion" title.
1) RELIGIONS AS INDEPENDENT AI PLAYERS
Central part of this idea is that religion in Civ3 born independently and grow (mostly) independently. They are born as some prophet begins preaching his dogma in one of cities. Government can set its status to be persecuted, tolerated, encouraged or fundamentally worshipped: These choices affect the happiness and growth of particular religions. There are, of course, multiple religions, and there can even be multiple religions born in one civ. Religions have political power. Their growth can be encouraged by money. AI religions could control your own citizens, and could be interacted with, even if they did not have their own innate bonuses and penalties. An AI religion may declare one of your cities to be a Holy site, and you would have to deal with the bonuses, and the problems of such a designation. AI religions could call a crusade against another nation, or against you.
2) HOLY CITIES & CRUSADES
In this idea, city where religion pops out has got holy shrine, which could increase happiness/ decrease unhappiness.
3) DOUBLE POLITICAL CENTERS?
You would have to build some kind of religious center (Hagia Sophia, St Peters, Kamakura Buddha) in capital or different political center would arise around religion.
If Holy City is taken, religion could ask for a crusade to take it back. Religion could also declare crusade whether government likes it or not.
5) GOVERMENT TYPE SETS WHICH TOLERATION LEVELS CAN BE USED
For instance, in SMAC terms this means that pacifist (-3 Police) nations wouldn't be able to persecute, while Fundamentalist Government nations would have to fundamentally worship one religion. In Civ terms, Democracies and Republics couldn't persecute, while communists couldn't fundamentally worship (alternate: cannot set higher that Tolerated level)
6) NOT DENY, JUST MAKE IT HARDER
Some say that government types shouldn't deny religious choices, just make it harder. Communism should have harder rate of religions spreading, democracy should have hard time persecuting and so on, but it should still be possible, with effort.
7) ANIMISM / MONOLITHS
In this model all civs start out with Animism, and can build Megaliths to increase chances of more advanced religions to develop. When religion pops out, ruler can either accept or reject it, with risk of schism.
8) TOLERANCE LEVEL OF RELIGIONS
Religions would have Tolerance level, which would set how religion gets along with other religions.
Some think that if you fundamentally worship one religion you could spread it by means of Clerics/Missionaries. Maybe for monetary and definitely for political gain. If there would be flock of converts in some city, the population would go to your side more easily and would get unhappy in situation of war (Like in C:CTP)
10) VICTORY CONDITION: UNITE THE WORLD IN SAME FAITH
In this victory you would have to unite entire world to faith you are using.
11) NOT MISSIONARIES, BUT PROPAGANDISTS
In this model instead of Missionaries there would be Propagandists, spreading their agendas (religion being one) to cities. This model also includes some cities being more eager to adopt Fascism, for instance, than other cities, and being more easily bribed by Fascist nations.
12) TEMPLES DEPENDANT ON WHETHER YOU HAVE A RELIGION
Some think that you should only be able to build religious structures if you have at least one supported religion, and that only followers of that religion would get some good about that.
13) EFFECTS OF TEMPLES DEPEND ON RELIGION
Some have said that effectiveness of temples would vary depending on your religion, for instance Buddhist would have less use of Cathedral (or any kind of other big religious structure) than pagan who wishes to honor his gods.
14) HOW IS RELIGION BORN?
Things that could affect the birth of religion could be war, three nasty events in a row, random event (new prophet) and such.
15) PERSECUTION, THE BIG ATROCITY
Some want that Persecution should be big atrocity, especially in modern times. Also, persecution would have other drawbacks, such as revolts and loss of population. Persecuted religion could also "win" and have whole strategy backfire. There could be some moral and such bonuses for unifying the country religiously and driving out all that have alien beliefs.
Each religion would have Devotion/Growth level, which would decide how does it fare in competition against other religions. In time, high rate devotion religions should replace low/rate devotion ones. If religion has been long around, it should have bigger rate of devotion.
17) RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
There should be bonuses for religious freedom in form of immigration and science. However, diversity would also create friction and possibly happiness penalties.
Unhappy people should be more willing to convert to new religions.
19) NO "BEHIND THE SCENES"
Some say that religion shouldn't work behind the scenes as model 1 proposes. They say that would make really frustrating game.
There has been asks for Ethnic factor as well as Religious
21) REAL RELIGIONS
Some people hold that real religions should be used. This side has had serious opposition, especially if they propose bonuses and minuses depending on these religions. People ask who would decide the bonuses and minuses? An example of a bonus would be the "protestant work ethic"
22) DEAD RELIGIONS
In this model, all religions would be those already dead to avoid legal and other problems.
23) REAL "CLASS" RELIGIONS
Others like that real religions shouldn't be used, but religion classes should be in. (like polytheism, monotheism and animism). There could be several religions that belong to same class. This is maybe the most popular idea, but there are people who hold that this could also offend people, especially with pluses and minuses.
24) SAME CLASS, DIFFERING RELIGION
For instance Russian Paganism would be different from Babylonian Paganism. They would have same benefits, but could still be hostile towards each other’s.
25) RANDOM, FICTIONAL RELIGIONS
Some like that religions should be entirely fictional. This side usually likes that if there are pluses and minuses, they should be random too. Others ask would this ruin the atmosphere. Turywenzism is a popular choice J
26) RELIGION DEFINED BY ITS FACTORS
For instance, is it Pacifist/Militant, Proselytizing or not, and does it support your government or not? There have been suggestions in this area by all camps in real or not discussion.
27) NO RELIGION
Some won't want Religion at all. Primary reason would be that you cannot do it without offending someone.
28) RELIGIONS LIKE SOCIAL ENGINEERING
In this model religions can be customized like Social Engineering in SMAC. You could decide primary structure like Monotheism, Polytheism or Mysticism, important aspects such as afterlife and status of priests and TENETS such as Ascetic, Maltheism or Monastic. In order to enact changes, you need DOGMA, which you could get from priests (city profession) or religious wonders. Dogma then slowly changes your religion. Religion master screen would show the percentages of religions in game, you could also edit religions or set their STATE ACCEPTANCE. Religions also have FERVOR status, which shows how highly religion is held; high FERVOR multiplies the effects. DOGMA can be spent to increase FERVOR. Another suggestion is to have sliding scales, from Secularism to Fundamentalism
29) RELIGIONS LIKE SOCIAL ENGINEERING, MODEL 2
This isn't as complex as other ideas - it sets that Religious models would be chosen from Social Engineering. Suggested models are Animism, Polytheism, Philosophical, Monotheism, Reformed, Fundamentalism, Deism and Atheism. There would be Theocracy Government choice instead of Fundamentalist, but it could be only made with religious choices 2,4,and 6. There would be bonuses if civ is both Fundamentalist and Theocracy. And finally, like in SMAC, civs with differing religious choices would be likely to be hostile towards each other. (There has been suggestion that only first four choices are truly needed.)
30) PHILOSOPHY SOCIAL ENGINEERING
This idea sticks to same social engineering idea, but replaces Religion with Philosophy. Philosophical choices would affect diplomatic relations, government types available, speed of research, happiness level of citizens, and productivity of citizens. Idea of replacing religion with philosophy would be that it would step around all legal problems while effectively having the effects of religion.
31) "EVIL" RELIGIONS
Some suggest that there should be evil religions just to cause harm to civilizations, other warns to steer clear of them. One suggested name is Diabolism.
32) BONUSES AND MINUSES
This has been discussion about should differing religions have bonuses and minuses. This has been usually with real or not discussions.
33) THE TYPE OF GOD SETS BONUSES/MINUSES
In this idea, the religions pop out in random as in idea 1. They have different bonuses and minuses, depending on what kind of god they worship. If religion is pantheistic, it gains small bonuses in several areas, but has increased inefficiency and upkeep costs. If it is monotheistic, it gains bonuses depending on what kind of god their worshipped one is, for instance is he clockmaker, judge or executioner?
34) INDIRECT BONUSES
In this model no religion automatically gains bonuses or minuses, but it may be possible to direct people by way of religion so they, in time, would gain bonuses.
35) NOT RELIGION, JUST ITS EFFECTS
Some think that religion itself should be modeled, just its effects: i.e. wouldn’t care what religion you worship, but how do you deal with it - do you tolerate it, persecute it or what?
36) RELIGION AS TRANSCENDING FACTOR
For instance, if half of Greeks are in you religion they would be unlikely to like war against you.
37) SLIDING SCALES
Each religion would have three ratings - Evangelism, Conviction and Tolerance. These figures would be hidden from player. Evangelism decides how well does the religion convert the others, Conviction how resistant they are to conversion. Tolerance decides how actively will the religion try to be state religion, low-tolerance ones wish to be from all their heart while high-tolerance don't want to be.
38) RELIGIOUS CONVERSIONS IN MODEL 9
Each populated tile would have its religion, and in end of turns each would try to convert others. These conversions use the Civ battle method, with Evangelism representing attack and Conviction defense. These fight should happen on background, player seeing what happened at end of turn. Missionary units would try to convert tiles they are walking on. For every N (N being parameter set at config file) tiles converted to state religion one citizen would become content, and temples and cathedrals would lower N locally. On the other hand, for every N tiles unconverted one citizen becomes unhappy. If Civ doesn't have state religion, then all religions with -1(lowest) tolerance would create unhappiness, while others wouldn't have effect. Outlawing a religion would make its followers unhappy, but would lower its evangelism rating inside civs borders. Religions would also affect diplomacy.
Some claim that Atheism should be very good religious choice, with Religion expiring by Birth Control and temples under Atheism replaced by Sex Shops or something. Popular suggestion for effects of atheism would be science bonus but also unhappiness because life lacks structures.
40). RELIGIONS IN SCENARIOS
Some want that in process of scenario building there should be ability to design own religions and place them any way you like, or to disable religions from scenario altogether.
41). APPEARANCE OF RELIGIONS IN REAL YEARS
Christianity would appear 33 AD, Islam 500 AD and so on. Then you could switch to it
42) CUSTOM DEISM
This is in option where religious minority can create its own religion.
43) SAME ADVANTAGES WITH ALL RELIGIONS
Some suggest that if there are different religions, then at least they should all have same advantages. I.e. J.S Bach's cathedral should make as many people happy as Big Mosque. Of Mecca (or Mixed Public Baths for atheist)
44) BIRTH CONTROL MAKES RELIGIONS OBSOLETE
Well… the main trend of this idea is in big letters above. This would also mean that emptied churches would be sold like old barracks in Civ1/2.
45) MORE VARIETY TO RELIGIOUS WONDERS
Current wonders are very western-based. There are only cathedrals, not synagogues or mosques or like.
46) SOME RELIGIONS WORK BETTER IN SOME ENVIROMENTS THAN OTHERS
This is a suggestion of some also. If you live in a desert near water, your god will seem more giving than if you lived in the desert with no water.
47) TEMPLES DIFFERING FROM STADIUMS
In this idea Temples and other religious improvements make members of some religion happy (depending on popularity of religion) while stadiums and other non-religious improvements would make fixed numbers of citizens happy.
48) SCIENCE TEACHERS AS ATHEIST MISSIONARIES
Reason for this would be that people scientifically taught would be more suspicious of miracles and existence of god in general. Also different missionaries would have different strengths (animist 1, monotheist 2 and science teacher 4…)
49) NONVIOLENT ACTION
A poster says that Gandhi was kind of missionary and then ponders about possibilities of incorporating general strikes and such to game. Maybe with kind of supermissionary unit which can start long national strikes? Could this fall under #11, Propagandists?
50) RANDOM ONE TRUE RELIGION
In this suggestion, the One True Religion would be randomly chosen in start of game, and it would be up for player to discover which one it is.
Centralization would be another factor determining the religion, i.e. it could be High (like Catholic church) with one central body controlling the faith, moderate (like in Middle east) or low (like in Lutheran church) which would preach priesthood for all believers. Centralization would say how much religion will "act" for instance how much it would start crusades without your support. (Thread Master Note: Maybe it would decide also how likely schisms would be?)
For some odious reason Turywenzism seems to be favored name for one fictional religion. It has been suggested that Turywenzism be the barbarian religion. (Hurrah for Turywenzism! Maybe with the Internet wonder we’d get Kibology? – NLT)
I.e. Religion system without religion. For instance, city of Carthage could like Greeks and Romans, be indifferent for Indians and hate the Chinese for historical reasons.
54) SIMPLE AI MODEL
Instead of preset models, religions would act depending civs unhappiness level, technological level, etc…
55) CRUSADES, THE MODEL 2
In this model, church can ask for a crusade, and if you refuse, certain percentage of your population (and army) would disappear and reappear near the infidel nation, to battle them. Also, members of crusading religion in that other nation would have chance of rising up.
56) RELIGIONS CHANGING
If religions have preset attributes, then they could chance. For instance, Protestantism of Reformation was more positive on science than it is now. Also in start Christianity was more pacifist than today, etc.
57) NO MINUSES FOR ANY RELIGION
I.e. Real (or class) religions, which would have only bonuses, no minuses for any. Another suggestion to make it less offensive. Bonuses would of course be about equal.
Religions would be named after civilization they sprung from and also from their class, for instance Chinese Monotheism would be different from Babylonian monotheism. Although similar they could still declare wars against each other.
It would happen through road system, trade routes, and if you sponsor one religion, with state-run Missionaries.
60) RELIGIONS DON'T DIE THAT EASILY
For instance, if Arabic Paganism has strong hold in Russia, and Arabs are conquered by Aztecs, religion wouldn't die out. Its head would move to Russian lands like Patriarch of Orthodox Church moved from Constantinople to Russia (Thread Master Note: Actually not correct) and maybe the religion would later start regaining its position in invading lands.
Like in idea 58, but certain systems would have titles like government titles in Civ2. For instance, Arabic Monotheism would be Islam, while Chinese Philosophical would be Confucianism. To avoid offending people, this could be under the control of the player.
62) DIFFERENT RELIGIONS IN ONE CITY
For instance, in city of 10 there are 60% peoples Christian, 30% Atheist and 10% Muslim. Then city would get 60% Christian bonuses and penalties, 30% Atheist bonuses and penalties and 10% Muslim bonuses and penalties.
63) LEVELS OF COMPLEXITY
In religion terms, if you choose in start of game to have simple religion would have one religion/civ, while complex setting would be micromanagement nightmare.
64) UNDER COMMUNISM
In this model, in Communistic governments all religion bonuses would become penalties (i.e. +2 industry becomes -2) While atheism would have extra bonuses.
In beginning of game you'd have option to start from zone influenced of certain religion, for instance you could choose Muslim influenced zone, Christian influenced zone or Buddhism influenced zone. This would probably mean that Christian religion would spread better in Christian zone than Muslim Zone…
E.g. Belief that civilization was created by extraterrestrial beings.
67) TECHNOLOGY TREE
Religion should be divorced from the technology tree. Is there any reason why we must first "research" polytheism to get to monotheism? Religion should be spontaneous and evolve, but not be under the control of your research.
68) RELIGION WONDERS
Other than temples and the like. Calvin would be an example, as would monotheism.
69) EVOLUTION OF GROUPS
A society starts out as an homogenous group, which gradually develops opinions. The people vs. you, the people vs. other people, your religion vs. other religions, your people vs. other religions, and so forth. Many chances for gifts, fancy politics, and genocide. (Theben wrote a long and thorough post about this in the 2.0 thread. It’s easier to read it than try to summarize it - NLT)
70) DIVERSE BONUSES
If a city is made up of 30% religion A and 70% religion B, it should gain 30% of the A bonuses/penalties and 70% of the B bonuses/penalties.
LIST OF POSTERS
Stefu (the thread master, summarizer)
NotLikeTea (master from July 1-10/99. Summarizer of v2.1 only)
Aharon Ben Rav
Cartagia the Great
<font size=1 face=Arial color=444444>[This message has been edited by NotLikeTea (edited July 09, 1999).]</font>
Thank you, I LOVE summaries!
It is always difficult to discuss something that does not exist - in this case how to implement religion into a future Civ game. The first great issue is what religion should be; the two most popular ideas seem to be [*]Some kind of AI
and[*]A bunch of Social Engineering choices. Which one do you prefer and how should it be done?
Or maybe there are even better ideas?
The best ideas are those that can be improved.
Maybe you could make that the next civ3 player vote question. With more choices of course.
NLT, great summary! Was it really that difficult to summarize that last post?
Religion can be a factor related to improvement happiness. Say you have a size 3 city on the border with a Muslim empire, and you're a Christian empire. You could have 2 Christian citizens (represented graphically by something like a cross necklace) and 1 Muslim citizen (represented maybe by something like a person wearing a turban) Let's assume that there's a cathedral as a city improvement and that it makes 50% of the unhappy people happy, rounded up. If you build a Christian cathedral, it will only make 1 person happy. (only works for Christians) If you want to get the Muslim happy, you also have to build a mosque. Since there are no Buddhists in the city, the option to build a Buddhist place of worship (What is a Buddhist place of worship called anyway?) won't even appear on your screen. Each of these will require the same technology and be the same in every way (unless a cheaper building is part of the religion's bonus)
If you have a size 20 city with all kinds of cathedrals and Christian buildings, but a large Muslim population that has no place of worship, and it enters civil disorder because of the unhappy Muslims, the disorder will be a little nastier. Instead of destroying random improvements, it'll become sort of a religious riot and the rioters will destroy the churches (or, if Firaxis wants to be really mean, religious wonders)
Interesting idea, but it could get a bit too complex. In the late game, if your nation is a "Mosaic" rather than a "Melting pot", you could have a dozen religions in one good sized city, and it would be a bit much to handle all that...
(BTW, I think it's Sikhs who wear turbans, not muslims)
So that would be an incentive to have a religiously homogenous empire. There's the reason why somewhat might want persecution. There would still be stuff like Colosseums to keep all religions happy at once.
I'll take the reins from this on. I salute you, NotLikeTea!
You'll have to pry those reins from my cold dead hands! Booo!
This was fun, if a bit un eventful... Summarizing is much harder than I thought.
How about a religion which evolves with the civ you are using? Like if You are warlike or peacefull or techknolegists or capitallists tc..... Maybe this will be to hard for the programers though...
Woo hoo! someone posted here! Celebration!
Stefu, the UNITS and TERRAIN threads are on their third page already so if you feel jobless...
<font size=1 face=Arial color=444444>[This message has been edited by Theben (edited July 28, 1999).]</font>
Maybe everyone's used up their religious ideas? Less work for Stefu!
This makes me feel so insignificant!
Going with my ideas before, what if each 'class' of religions start out with some base abilities, which would be all posative(by which I mean, no religion would take things AWAY, but would just add differant posatives on to the empire.
Anyway, as time goes on, these would change. Paganism which might get, at first, +25 percent food production, +0 percent science, -10 percent corruption, and a 50 percent reduction of war unhappiness(unhappiness coming from the fact that your warrios keep getting slaughtered). Howe,ver over time, the Paganism in question might turn so that it ends up like this: +0 percent food production, +25 percent scientific research, +10 percent happiness and a 25 percent reduction of war unhappiness.
For these reasons, changing religions would not be, so much, upgrading, as it would be changing to something better suiting your nation. If your a war like civilization, at first PAganism might be grea,t allowing your population to grow quickly, and to turn out lots of units which could get killed with no bad affects. Over time, however, the religion might change to that favored by a more scientific, peaceful land, and Philosophical might suddenly change to something your war like nation would need.
Of course, your nation could try to to theocracy which would try to cement the religions ratings as they currently are, but there would be soem down sides to this as well, such as unhappiness by other religions in your nation. Just a few ideas, what do you think? this was, I bleive, mentioned before, but I thoughti 'd bring it back into discussion
Stefu, et al --
Here's my idea for implementing religion into Civ III in a way that answers most of the issues people have raised on these boards, and also on the Firaxis boards. That is to say, with the benefit of reading every post that's come before, and incorporating/shamelessly stealing something from almost every other idea, I humbly offer the following synthesized solution... (posted in another form over on the Firaxis Social Engineering board).
I. Religion as Game Concept
1. Religion should be a game concept approximately the size and weight of Civ II's taxation and trade combined. It should not simply be one of many categories under the heading of "social engineering" for the player to fiddle with, plus or minus, as they try to manipulate their population. Rather, religion and population would be effectively synonymous.
2) Its main reasons for existing in the game are
a) to finally, once and for all, model the *huge* effect religion has had in shaping real world civilization within Civ III; and,
b) to add a level of strategy to gameplay that makes Civ III more authentic and fun and not just more of the same, slightly different.
Much has been said about how to incorporate religion, and let me just pause and say if I really had exactly the answer, I wouldn't bother putting it up here for discussion. Well, maybe I would. What I'm suggesting now is a simple, but fundamental core idea that I think can make many of the other ideas work and I'd like to hear what you guys have to say.
II. How it Would Look in the Game
1. There would be three religions.
2. These religions would have real world names. Taking the cue from earlier discussions, made-up names would probably add unwanted comedy to Civ III. On the other hand, choosing one sect may be too controversial for some, so I agree by default with those who have advocated the concept of beliefs. Monotheism, polytheism, animism, agnosticism -- names like these have been suggested. Personally, I would still prefer Judeo-Christian, Islamic, and Budhist (which worships at shrine and temple, for the person who asked). But I don't want to get into that debate. In the end it just isn't important to gameplay. So for now, we'll call them religions and think of them as beliefs.
3. Each religion would have a corresponding color. These colors would NOT be confused with Civ colors, and would only be seen if you opened up a city and saw it's religious makeup (some type of bar graph/pie chart), or filtered for it on the game map (e.g., hit the F1 key). In the field of Human Geography, it's really fascinating to compare real world political boundaries with religious boundaries -- Likewise, in the game, it would tell you a lot to be able to hit the F1 key and see that where your political border stops, religion X happens to encompass a large part of both your population and your neighbor's.
III. How Religion Would Spread
1. Each religon would behave like a virus. It would spread via unit to unit, or unit to city. Some have said they would want to have direct control over what religion their population chose. But the only reason to do that is because one religion had a bonus value greater than another, and again, that'll never fly. Actually, it would be more fun to try and shape the religious make-up of your society using the many tools at your disposal -- war, diplomacy, city improvements, Social Engineering modifiers, wonders, or scientific advances. By experimenting with certain inhibitors and enablers, religion would, in effect, be a mini-sim within the game.
2. Each religion would be incompatible with the others. Whenever two religions "met on the road," each would seek to dominate the other.
3. Each unit in the game would have its own religious affiliation. You would not need to know what it was, the AI would track it. As others have suggested, whenever two units with differing beliefs came into contact for whatever reason, a conflict would resolve immediately, based on each unit's evangelical/conviction ratings. The base values would be the same for all units. Again, religious affiliation would NOT modify these values in any way. However, the player could create a government type that improved one value or the other, and all units in that player's civ would then benefit. Its very simple, really. Basically, whenever two units came into contact a mini philosophical debate would be immediately resolved.
4. Units would also come into religious conflict when coming into contact with a city. Alright, this isn't *totally* worked out, but basically whenever a unit entered a city, that unit's belief would immediately be challenged by that portion of the population which held differing beliefs, each population unit belonging to one religion.
a. Population units would be about 1/5 the strength of a game unit, so that a city size five would be about an even match philosophically for a single unit.
b. Any population units with the same belief as the unit entering would lend their values to that unit. Every opposing religion in the city would then have its chance at converting the unit, or be converted.
c. Obviously the affects would be cumulative, and I'd be lying if I told you I knew how it would all work in practice, but I believe if you were playing the game, all social modifiers being equal, it would not be uncommon to see a small city experience dramatic and sudden shifts in beliefs, while larger established cities would change much more slowly.
d. ALL THE ABOVE IS HANDLED BY THE AI. You only see the results as the city's religion graph changes over time.
e. City's would not convert wholesale without a crusade (military conquest by units of like faith). Perhaps units in crusade could be immune to philosophical challenges along the way.
f. Any hypothetical missionary unit would simply have much larger evangelical and conviction values.
g. A city's beliefs would grow and change over time, and would be affected by the presence of certain city improvements, etc. For instance, building a shrine, a mosque, or a church might strengthen that religion you wanted to strengthen -- or have an even more dramatic effect.
h. Barring extreme measures (laws enacted) by the player, the population would be capable of sustaining all three religions in each city.
IV. Fodor's Guide to Your City's Religion
1. City's are the first places you'd notice religion in the game.
2. In the city window, a player would see that each population unit in a city subscribes to one of the three religions. Again, a city could have one, two or all three religions represented.
3. Each city can have only one religious identity. No matter how many religions are represented in a given city, the majority religion would always rule. In other words, if London was 35% Budhist, 33% Judeo-Christian, and 32% Islamic, then London would be considered a Budhist city.
4. While a player should be making decisions about which religions to promote and discourage, they would not receive any advantages if their population subscribed to X over Y. Rather, the bonus would come by managing to create a homogenized society consisting of all X religion, or a harmonious society consisting of X, Y and Z religions together -- a true feat -- or from the stability achieved with your neighbors by arranging compatible religious regions along your borders, in some combination of all three. The possibilities for penalties and bonuses are endless...
V. Religious Regions
1. Using these rules, it's easy to see how over time, cities in close proximity to each other will eventually be dominated by the same religions. These would then form religious regions within your borders.
2. Larger civs are more likely to consist of more than one religious region. Smaller civs are more likely to be homogenous.
a. Depending on your strategy this could be good or bad. On the one hand, you may be Serbia -- clearly not socially engineered to hold differing regions together peacefully. On the other hand, regions like Kosovo would inevitably appear that tend to match up with the religion in its neighboring civ across the border, and thus add strategically to your military stability. And it might also increase the likelihood that Kosovo will split and join with its like-minded neighbor. Likewise, you might achieve a profound social structure and be the sudden beneficiary of an unstable neighbor, inheriting a like-minded religious region -- and a war with its former owner. All this would depend on new diplomacy rules concerning when two neighboring civs share the same beliefs.
3. On the game map, filtering would reveal religion by region in yours and others' civs.
VI. Origin of Religions
1. I propose seeding the map with specific religion tiles at the beginning of the game. Your first non-aligned units will pass over one and adapt that religion as its own, taking it "from nature", as it were. It'll then proceed to spread that religion until it discovers one it deems superior (i.e., loses a religious challenge).
1. What religion is given to newly created units? I guess they would subscribe to the dominant belief of the city in which they were created.
2. In the case of new units of population, the percentage they would be born believing in religion X, Y, or Z would be exactly equal to the percantage that religion X, Y, or Z was represented within that city.
Well, there you have it. I hope I haven't offended anyone by incorporating an idea into this that they originated. I read everybody's post, but I didn't learn names. I only hope there is enough merit and fun in this idea for putting religion into Civ III that others (you guys) will comment on it, help me bang it out, or even incorporate some or all of it into your own.
-- C. Brooks
<font size=1 face=Arial color=444444>[This message has been edited by raingoon (edited August 02, 1999).]</font>
<font size=1 face=Arial color=444444>[This message has been edited by raingoon (edited August 02, 1999).]</font>
<font size=1 face=Arial color=444444>[This message has been edited by raingoon (edited August 02, 1999).]</font>
Raingoon, it looks good to me, mostly. A few comments...
1) Why limit the number of in-game religions to three? I think one religion per civ, plus or minus a bit, would be a more appropriate number -- a hard limit of three strikes me as too low for an Earth-size world.
2) The advantage of religious homogeneity is, obviously, civic peace; but what advantage would you give to your "harmonious" situation, with several religions present and none with a plurality? Real societies like that are definitely _not_ noted for civic peace.
I think what you're shooting for here is something similar to the "state religion" suggestion that, ahem, I made some time back. The player could pick one religion as his official state cult, in which case his best interests lay in spreading that religion and suppressing all others. Or he could opt out of the religious game by having no state religion -- a course you'd pick, probably, if your civilization already was split into several religious blocs, and bringing one to dominance would be too costly and time-consuming.
3) The notion of religious tiles as origin points doesn't quite fit with the rest of your system, based as it is on the meetings of units and cities. A better system, to my mind, would be an occasional "prophet" event, in which a random unit (or city dweller) spontaneously converts, and spends the next few turns energetically preaching The Word to everyone it meets (give it a sky-high Evangelism and Conversion during that time.)
What do you think about city to city? In my post, I actually had included -- then deleted -- a "city to city" model for spreading religion, because I couldn't see concretely how it would work. As you suggested, perhaps like trade routes? Should there by cleric units that trade in a certain religion exactly the way caravans trade in a certain commodity in Civ II? Mbrazier has an idea for "prophet" units with high conversion abilities, although for a slightly different purpose.
Here, it would be a direct way you could try to stem the tide of one religion where the AI was having it spring up in a city where you didn't want it. But if the AI is to handle city to city religion "creep", then I'm pretty much out of my depth trying to guess how that would work. Any ideas? The "caravan" concept I do get -- it's simple, seems realistic, and would give the player that much more control.
<font size=1 face=Arial color=444444>[This message has been edited by raingoon (edited August 02, 1999).]</font>
1) Why limit the number of in-game religions to three?
I'm open to a good argument for more. I offered some explanation in my original post, but here's another reason or two why I think three. First, it's that magic number -- think luxury/tax/science. In a closed system (like a city) you can't up one without dramatically lessening at least one of the other two. I'm theorizing here, but my guess is more than three would require very long games to homogenize the game map of an Earth-sized world. I'm sure religious conformity would become a new strategy and victory condition.
2) The advantage of religious homogeneity is, obviously, civic peace; but what advantage would you give to your "harmonious" situation, with several religions present and none with a plurality?
Of course modern American society has engineered itself socially to allow religious beliefs to live in harmony that in other parts of the world, they don't. But you make a good point for the game. Modern Jerusalem or Croatia are better examples of what the average civ would have to contend with. I guess the norm would be "civil unrest" unless laws were passed making citizens content -- instead of JS Bach's Wonder, now any civ could get the effect for accomplishing this. That's not a bonus, per se, but just the absence of a penalty that existed. In other words, it would just make things harder to have multiple religious regions in your civ, and be an incentive to homogenize.
I think what you're shooting for here is something similar to the "state religion" suggestion that, ahem, I made some time back.
The credit is all yours -- Although I'm not sure I agree that's what I'm shooting for.
The player could pick one religion as his official state cult, in which case his best interests lay in spreading that religion and suppressing all others. Or he could opt out of the religious game by having no state religion -- a course you'd pick, probably, if your civilization already was split into several religious blocs, and bringing one to dominance would be too costly and time-consuming.
Let me see what you think of this. Suppose each religion has a Holy City. This would be determined at some point in the game, a la the discovery of Philosophy in Civ II, where a world announcement is made declaring the largest city in each religion to be the Holy City for that religion. Now you can point and say "That is a religious state" residing within my borders." Is this your original "state religion" idea? I apologize if so, but humor me -- Now you have a negotiation situation. Because the head of each religion is now able to make demands, and the demand is always the same: "Go forth and spread the word, or else!" Or else those cities within your civ who belong to that religion will destablize until you do something. So now you're dealing with a "state religion" that is not synomymous with YOUR state. That's the main point I'd stress you don't want. CormacMacArt made this point on the Firaxis thread, I believe. Your negotiation would go like this:
a) Word comes out of Holy City insisting you increase their ranks via war or missionary zeal, ASAP or else. You do. Or...
b) You turn your back on the church's demands, Holy City then calls for a crusade against you to liberate it. Rival civs take arms where the religion exists (unfortunately for you these civs are naturally usually right next door). OR...
c) You pacify your Holy City and go on with your other strategy. Important that what you get out of this Holy City business, is that owning the Holy City would be a BIG happiness reward. Probably be what replaces JS Bach's cathedral. Of course, you can launch your own crusade to capture a Holy City from another civ.
[i]3) The notion of religious tiles as origin points doesn't quite fit with the rest of your system, based as it is on the meetings of units and cities.[\i]
Yes -- I like your way. Your way would ensure that religions would be spread equally in the beginning, allowing each religion a chance to catch on.
Interesting... does it spread from one city to another? trade routes for example?
1) The luxury/tax/science triple is something the player controls, so having only three options simplifies play. Religions, in this model, are mostly computer-controlled, which means keeping play simple isn't a concern.
Religious uniformity as a victory condition is certainly interesting, but I suggest that it _should_ be extremely difficult. After all, here on Earth we have four major religious bodies (Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism) plus several small pockets of other religions -- and that's after 6,000 years of contention!
2) "Let me see what you think of this. Suppose each religion has a Holy City. This would be determined at some point in the game, a la the discovery of Philosophy in Civ II, where a world announcement is made declaring the largest city in each religion to be the Holy City for that religion. Now you can point and say 'That is a religious state" residing within my borders.' Is this your original 'state religion' idea?"
No, it isn't, though it's a good idea -- in essence, the religions would appear as diplomatic players, equal to the civilization heads. Before explaining what I had in mind, let me add that historically the heads of religions have had many concerns beyond spreading the Word; they might, for example, try to make a peace between warring states.
What I had in mind, however, was the kind of church-state relations between the Greek Orthodox Church and the Byzantine Empire, or those between the Church of England and the English Crown in the 16th and 17th centuries. In short, an official state policy favoring one religion at the expense of all others; what the US Constitution calls an "establishment of religion".
Why would a Civ player want to do this? Well, in my original suggestion, picking a state religion made a small number of that religion's devotees content, _and_ created unrest in the other religions' devotees in the same proportion. A "religious" city improvement then multiplied both those effects. Under this system, as you can see, the more homogeneous your civilization was, the better -- if you had a state religion.
On the other hand, if you didn't pick a state religion, the religious beliefs of your citizens ceased to matter. You would quell unrest by the bread-and-circuses method -- high luxury rates, entertainers, Colosseum and Welfare Office improvements, etc.
Obviously all this is open to improvement (though this is where your own ideas are foggiest, I think?)
3) There's another advantage to the "prophet" idea you haven't considered: it can be used at any time of the game, so that new religions can pop up, or old ones suddenly revive, all throughout history.
4) A suggestion for city-on-city religious interaction: When the game is adjusting the religious balance in a city, have it count every N citizens in cities at the other end of a trade route as one citizen of the city itself.
1. Well, you've convinced me -- more than three religions wouldn't necessarily make the game too complex, but would definitely be more convincing historically. I was just concerned that religion not "take off" as this whole new game within a game suddenly. But you've addressed that. So true, it should be very hard to fully dominate a world religiously. It also implies you must officially represent that religion, which would underscore the need for a Holy City. Imagine getting near to dominating religiously, then someone captures your Holy City, declares state religion to finish converting their own cities and wins the game!
2. Also agree about the concept that religion is an AI diplomatic issue -- that is, just to reiterate, a religion is NOT a civ. It's a virus your civ catches and at some point you will have to deal with its needs. Very simple. Very true to history.
3. State Religions -- So this would show up as a social engineering choice, "Declare". Question, Do you have to have a Holy City to declare? Or can any civ declare a "state religion" so long as it's represented within its population sufficiently to warrant doing so?
4. But back to basics -- What does it take to suddenly find yourself negotiating with a religion? I suggested the emergence of a Holy City. You said declare a state religion.
Ah -- wait: Holy Cities are requisites for declaring a state religion. Maybe you intended that. So now, given there can be only one Holy City for each religion, then only one civ can have an official "state religion" of that type. So, say you achieve a Budhist Holy City and declare state religion. Now suddenly everybody in the game with large Budhist populations are in a more tenuous position. If you keep yourself in the church's good graces, you can get the church to make real demands on your enemies since the church would hold some sway over all Budhist population happiness in the game.
That just clicked for me, anyway.
Hello Religion Threaders,
I have a question for you all.
Over at the SE/Government v2.1 thread we're having a large discussion about which effects the Religion Atheism should have.
I want it to have +2 Research, +2 Corruption, -2 Happiness.
Means faster research, less corruption and unhappier people.
This is also what was suggested in The List v1.
So I think most people agree with me, but now there are two others saying that Atheism should have a research penalty, -2 Research.
Now I am asking neutral people(=you) to decide what it should get.
What do you guys think?
Since, we're obviously on much the same wavelength, I'll just address the points of disagreement; if I don't mention something, you can assume I like it.
I don't think it makes sense to turn "Holy Cities" into the prerequisite for religious establishment; if there are devotees of religion X within your borders, you can choose X as the state religion. But it _does_ make sense to use "holy cities" as the prerequisite for diplomatic interaction. That is, if a religion has chosen a capital city, it can then build embassies in the civilization capitals, have ambassadors requesting an audience, ask you for aid, threaten you with interdict, and anything else that the designers dream up. But if a religion has no capital (many real ones don't!) you can't deal with it through diplomacy.
One nice idea has just come to me, regarding "Holy Cities". Let's say that the Turywenzists' holy city is within your borders. If you decide to establish Turywenzism as your state religion, you are offered a new government option, Theocracy (you don't get this option if the Turywenzist holy city is outside your borders.) If you turn Theocrat, the holy city acts as a second capital, and all the "state religion" effects are doubled.
EEK! Giving real-world religions SE bonuses and penalties is a Very Bad Idea -- page back to the 1.x Religion threads for details, it was hashed out at length back then. In a nutshell, rating real religions in SE terms is equivalent to passing judgement on the actions and thoughts of those who belong to those religions; and that's just asking for trouble.
Raingoon and I are currently chopping out a system to simulate religious development in another way entirely; do you have any thoughts on our efforts?
"EEK! Giving real-world religions SE bonuses and penalties is a Very Bad Idea"
I know that and I agree a 100% with that. But let me ask you this question. Since when is Atheism a real-world religion? These are the Religion SE choices I presented in the SE thread :
Animism : -2 Research
->Loose Polytheism : no positives and negatives
Strict Polytheism : +2 Support, +2 Urbanization
Loose Monotheism : +2 Culture, +1 Research, -2 Diplomacy
Strict Monotheism/Fundamentalism/Fascism : +2 Nationalism, +2 Morale, -2 Diplomacy
Multitheism/Religious Freedom : +2 Diplomacy, +1 Happiness, -2 Nationalism
Atheism : +2 Research, +2 Corruption, -2 Happiness
If you want to understand better the SE factors I used, I direct you to the SE thread.
As you can see there are no real-world religions in it at all. So starting racial wars etc is impossible.
BTW that -> means that Animism becomes obsolete after Loose Polytheism becomes available.
So, wonna give some thought about it?
PS : I noticed you are talking about Theocracy.
My Theocracy is +2 Happiness, +2 Taxes, -2 Research.
Don't wanna bore you, but, uh... agreed. Again, simpler's better. Just have a rule that a state religion can be declared at any time, so long as that religion is repped. Holy Cities as capitals, etc.
Pretty soon it'll be a good idea to go back and revise the original post to show the model in its revised state. Do you (and anyone else reading here) agree this is not too complicated? Everything I've read from Brian Reynolds, et al, underscores the obvious, which is no changes will be made in Civ III that upset the balance of what's already good about the game.
I think the most extreme element in terms of complexity is the concept of religion spreading on the game map on its own. It has a very "Civ" feel to it, I must say. I need to keep poking at that idea to see if it holds up for simplicity. Other opinions would sure help...
I did as you said. I have now read all the SE 2.1 thread posts. Quite a lot of discussion. You and the others have really put in some thought. If I think of anything to add, I will...
As Mbrazier has said, we're hashing out a way to model religion in Civ III. It's not what you're suggesting. I invite you to take the time to read what's been posted here. For one, you'll find out why we are discussing religion apart from social engineering in the first place.
Since when is Atheism a real-world religion?
Trust me, you'll find many who argue with the values you want to ascribe to this and all beliefs. Apparently, you've found two already .
Check what's here. The current model (as it's been modified) shows how real-world religions *can* exist in the game, which everyone seems to want. I even went back into the archives and found this post from a long time ago:
There should be... different religions that can be chosen as national religion, and also things like Budisme and Taoisme(sic).
All these past posts tell me the majority of Civ players will like this way of implementing religion into the game. To paraphrase Brian Reynolds' own words, it's clearly taking a cool, historical concept and clearly showing how it could effect game play. Again, I'd like to see from others if my hunch is right.
<font size=1 face=Arial color=444444>[This message has been edited by raingoon (edited August 05, 1999).]</font>
Can you say when and how this suggestion can be included in the revised wish list? Is that list another list entirely, or is it an evolution of the first one, as Firaxis seemed to suggest it should be?